Several methods of anaesthesia are available. The method of anaesthesia that is chosen for or by a patient depends upon the nature of the surgical procedure and the patient’s level of apprehension.
The following table illustrates the choices of anaesthesia offered at the Melbourne Periodontal Group, a description of the anaesthetic technique, and the usual indications for that technique.
MethodTypes of AnesthesiaDescription of TechniqueUsual Indications
Method Local AnestheticDescription of Technique The patient remains totally conscious throughout the procedure. A local anaesthetic (e.g. lidocaine) is administered in the area where the surgery is to be performed. Local anaesthetic is used in conjunction with the other methods of relaxation/sedation in all oral surgery procedures.Usual Indications Simple oral surgery procedures such as minor soft tissue procedures and simple tooth extractions.
Oral Sedation with Local AnestheticOral medications are prescribed to be taken prior to surgery & perhaps the evening before.The patient remains conscious but in a relaxed condition.These medications have both a sedative and analgesic (pain-controlling) effect. You must not drive a car whilst medicated & should be accompanied by a responsible adultUsual Indications Simple oral surgery procedures to more involved procedures such as removal of wisdom teeth and placement of dental implants for patients who are extremely anxious.Method
Method Hospital or Surgery Center Based General AnesthesiaDescription of Technique A patient is admitted to a hospital or surgery centre where anaesthesia is administered by an anaesthesiologist. Dr Kiven only operates in his rooms, not at a hospital based theatre. Therefore if appropriate after consultation with your general dentist you will be referred for this component of your careUsual Indications Indicated for patients undergoing extensive procedures such as face and jaw reconstruction and TMJ surgery. Also indicated for patients with medical conditions such as heart disease or lung disease who require general anesthesia.
Again, when it comes to anaesthesia, our first priority is the patient’s comfort and safety. If you have any concerns regarding the type of anaesthesia that will be administered during your oral surgery procedure, please do not hesitate to discuss your concerns with your doctor at the time of your consultation.